The link below provides a collection of slides used to explain Mohr’s circle in an undergraduate mechanics course at the University of Utah. If you use a Mac, it is unlikely that these will render properly (so go sit at a PC in your university computer lab to look at them). Make sure to use slideshow mode, as these have many animations!
MohrCircleFiles (zip file contains two PPT lectures and one Mathematica file)
Should you say “finite element” or “finite-element?” Which is better: a “beautifully-written” manuscript, or “beautifully written” one? Are your equations non-linear or nonlinear? Our one-page list of hyphenation rules summarizes information found in a variety of authoritative sources (Princeton Review, Strunk & White, etc.). Happy technical writing!
This posting explains the meaning of a polar decomposition, and it gives two numerical methods for computing it.
Below is shown simple shear of a unit square. The inscribed circle and the lines from corner to corner should be regarded as painted on the material, so they flow with deformation. The green and red dashed lines show the principal directions of stretch, which are aligned with the major axes of the deformed ellipse and hence move relative to the material as the deformation proceeds. In the deformed state (far right), the red and green dashed lines are defined to be aligned with the major axes of the deformed ellipse (far right). The red and green dashed lines in the other states show the material points covered by those green and red lines in the deformed state.
The animation below shows
RED: simple shear in physical configuration
BLUE: simple shear with the polar rotation removed (i.e., the pure stretch)
GREEN: the deformation corresponding to the approximation that D-bar (given by the unrotated symmetric part of the velocity gradient) is actually the rate of reference logarithmic strain. This is found by integrating D-bar through time to obtain the apparent logarithmic strain, and then exponentiating this apparent strain to obtain an apparent reference stretch.
GRAY: rotation of the green deformation back to the spatial configuration.
Uniaxial stress is a form of loading in which the 11 (axial) component of stress is nonzero, while all other components of stress are zero.
Uniaxial strain is a form of loading in which the 11 (axial) component of strain is nonzero, while all other components of strain are zero.
The CSM lab at the University of Utah is actively developing the Material Point Method (MPM). Like other particle methods, the MPM discretizes a body into a set of points at which problem data (velocity, stress, temperature, etc.) are stored. Centroidal Voronoi Tesselation is a promising way to distribute points within a domain in a way that is favorable to the MPM, where using a distribution of particles conforming to the boundary is highly desired. For a thorough overview, see Max Gunzburger’s website, http://people.sc.fsu.edu/~mgunzburger/cvt/cvt.html. Some excerpts from his site are shown below,